Today we’re going to look back at some of the health-related Spittoon highlights (a completely subjective list!) of 2009.
Millions of people worldwide are chronically infected with some form of hepatitis virus, putting them at risk for cirrhosis and liver cancer. In 2009 several studies identified genetic factors that influence susceptibility to hepatitis and response to treatment.
A study published in March offered insight into why melanoma, a rare but potentially deadly form of skin cancer, is more common in women under 40 than men in the same age group.
Alcohol Flush and Esophageal Cancer
Also in March, researchers issued a warning to physicians about the connection between “alcohol flush” and esophageal cancer.
Cystic Fibrosis Severity
Two studies in 2009 looked at how the severity of disease experienced by people with cystic fibrosis can be impacted by changes in genes other than CFTR.
In September a study found variants associated with glaucoma in people with African ancestry, a population that develops glaucoma at rates five times higher than Europeans and is also at much higher risk of blindness once glaucoma has set in.
Cisplatin-induced Hearing Loss
Just last month, researchers published results showing that certain genetic variants increase the risk for hearing loss in children after treatment with a common chemotherapy drug.
The bacteria that causes leprosy is hard to study, but researchers have learned more about susceptibility to the disease by studying human genetics.