More On 23andMe’s Neanderthal Lab

Not everyone would embrace their inner caveman, but in today’s Slate Ann Gibbons sure did.

Gibbons, who also writes for Science, is the author of the book The First Human: The Race to Discover Our Earliest Ancestors. Over almost two decades, she’s delved into the discoveries around human evolution.

In her Slate piece she writes about getting tested by 23andMe. While she was interested in her European ancestry, what really drew her in was the portion of her results that showed she has 2.9 percent Neanderthal DNA.

For someone who has spent years writing about the march of mankind from our earliest ancestors to the emergence of modern humans, finding a tangible link to the past is powerful stuff. The PBS show NOVA scienceNOW recently aired a piece that nicely crafts a story about what it means to humans to share Neanderthal DNA.

For a lot of us here, although Neanderthals disappeared long ago, it’s most intriguing that their DNA continues to live on in all non-African people. It may be that the DNA of other prehistoric human groups also are intermixed in our own DNA. Much like with Neanderthals, scientists extracted ancient DNA from the skeletal remains of another ancient cousin known as the Denisovans. The remains — a finger bone — was found in a cave in Siberia, showed that Denisovans were cousins of Neanderthals, who lived in Asia and disappeared about 40,000 years ago. Their DNA is found today in Melanasians.

As for Neanderthals, 23andMe launched our popular Neanderthal Lab about a year ago. It allows customers to determine what percentage of their DNA is Neanderthal. A typical range is between 1 percent and 4 percent with the average being about 2.5 percent, but there are outliers, who have much more.

Check out these posts about Neanderthals and Humans:
Did Humans and Neanderthals Have Sex?
Find Your Inner Neanderthal
New Evidence Suggests Humans and Neanderthal Interbreeding

Got Neanderthal DNA?

23andMe customers can find their inner Neanderthal or at least how much Neanderthal DNA they have at 23andMe Ancestry Labs. Not yet a customer? Visit our store!


  • Tom

    In the last blog you mentioned by Erin C. Joanna Mountain responded on August 26, 2010 that in the future 23andme may be able to detect short segments that indicate Native American Ancestry, so that Native American Ancestry is detectable. Since we are now 2 years into that future that she mentioned, can we please get an update. Thanks.

    • ScottH

      Tom, We have been able to infer Native American ancestry in results and we have a Native American Ancestry Finder Lab as well. That said we will be updating our ancestry pages soon and some of those updates will include more detailed results related to Native American ancestry. Stay tuned.

  • Tom

    Also, the server cannot find your first blog post according to my computer.

    • ScottH

      Thanks Tom, the link has been fixed.

  • http://www.rhesusnegative.net/origins Mike Dammann

    Have you studied the blood types of individuals with the highest percentage of Neanderthal DNA?

    Mike Dammann
    http://www.rhesusnegative.net

  • Randall Burns

    What is the highest percentage of Neanderthal DNA your test has indicated from a living person so far?

  • bonnie McNamara

    New Guinea aborigines and 2 tribes of Tibetians have been shown to have 4-6% Neanderthal..

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